Complete Guide for unizik education students on how to write a lesson plan.
Are you looking for how to write lesson plan that you can use for your TP (Teaching practice) or secondary school? If you are, then this article, “Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan”, is for you.
In this write-up, I have taken the time to explain everything you need to know about lesson planning in teaching.
What Is Lesson Plan?
A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed guide for facilitating a lesson. How detailed the plan is depends on the preference of the teacher, the subject being covered and the need and or curiosity of the students.
Typically, a lesson plan includes the basic objective of the lesson (what the students need to learn), a collection of teaching and learning activities (how the teacher plan to achieve the goal, his method of delivery and procedure) and assessment methods (ways to measure if the objective of the lesson was achieved or not).
Teaching or lesson plan is therefore the teacher’s guide detailing what the students need to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured. A good lesson plan helps the teacher to be more effective in the classroom.
Why Is Lesson Planning Important?
If you have been teaching for some time now, you will no doubt vouch for the importance of a lesson plan. Nothing can be so frustrating like entering a class without a plan, it’s like finding yourself in a new city without a guide.
Hence this article, “Complete Guide on Writing Lesson Plan” will not be complete if I fail to mention why lesson plans are important.
Here are seven reasons why a lesson plan is very important.
A good lesson plan helps the teacher answer the two most important questions; what to teach and how to teach.
2. Builds the confidence in Teachers:
A good lesson plan apart from helping the teacher work towards definite goal helps build self-confidence
3. Time Management:
A step-by-step lesson plan helps the teacher to cover the entire lesson within the limited time frame.
4. Avoid Repetition:
With the help of a lesson plan, it helps to avoid repeating the lesson taught earlier. It also helps to eliminate casual omissions especially as students go from one term to another.
5. Create Anticipatory Mood for Students:
With a lesson plan, a teacher will be able to ask proper and important questions that create anticipatory mood for the students in the classroom.
6. Adequate preparation:
No matter how vast you are in a topic, adequate preparation is important. As lesson plan make teachers to be clear about what to teach and how to teach, it helps in preparing for a class even the more.
Lesson plan helps the teacher compare his teaching with set objectives. Evaluation helps the teacher ensure that the students learn what they are supposed to learn.
Elements of a Lesson Plan
There are several lesson plan formats to choose from, and that is great. But for unizik students make una dey very careful e dey always choke sometimes. No matter the format you adopt, it is important to ensure it has the five elements that makes a good lesson plan. These five elements are needed to ensure a successful learning experience.
The five elements of a lesson plan are: linking prior knowledge, engaging and educating, active learning, reflecting and extending learning.
(1) Linking Prior Knowledge:
This is where the teacher makes connection with students’ previous knowledge to help the students remember something they already learnt so as to make them feel comfortable learning something new.
(2) Engaging and Educating:
Here the teacher introduces new information to engage and educate the students. The use of direct instructions, modeling and concrete examples are highly essential.
(3) Active learning:
This is the part where the teacher actively engage the students in a pre-planned activity. The teacher can divide the students into groups to ensure the activity is engaging and interactive.
It is very important to give the students the opportunity to reflect over what they have learnt and either share it orally or by writing.
(5) Extending learning:
This is learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Students must be given opportunity to see how the lesson applies to real world by linking knowledge with future learning.
When these five elements of a lesson plan are included in a lesson, it becomes easy to achieve a successful learning experience for all the students.
EXAMPLES OF A LESSON PLAN (EDUCATION STUDENTS THIS IS FOR YOUR EYES ONLY)
Name of student teacher – we will be using (CLASSIQ KIZZY) for the purposes of this lesson plan.
REG NUMBER…… (20181940.. blah blah blah)
DEPARTMENT – (VOCATIONAL EDUCATION)
MICRO TEACHING GROUP – – – (GROUP blah blah blah)
DATE—(9 MAY 2021)
MICROTEACHING CUBICLE – – – (this particular one nah your business)
SUBJECT – – – ( for this purpose we will be using COMPUTER SCIENCE)
TOPIC—electronic spreadsheet (Microsoft excel)
DURATION – – – – 20MIN (PS- this is not applicable to unizik students doing mirco teaching ohh)
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES – – – at end the lesson, the students should be able to do the following:
Explain what electronic spreadsheet (Microsoft excel) is
Discuss the general features of spreadsheets
How to use formular in Microsoft excel
Discuss functions and recalculation in the Microsoft excel environment
Draw the Microsoft excel environment
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS USED – – – Chalk, board, lap top and a chart showing Microsoft excel environment (Unizik doesn’t accept anyhow materials take note This people in guidance and counselling)
ENTRY BEHAVIOUR – – – The students have learnt about internet in the previous lesson.
Introduction of the topic to the students starting from the know to unknown.
CONTENT DEVELOPMENT – – – / INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES
Step i: The teacher will introduce the topic
Step ii: The teacher write the topic on the white board thus, electronic spreadsheet.
Step iii: The teacher will explain the topic to the students
Step IV: The teacher will write dictate note for them to write (that is if it’s necessary ohh I’m sure this one will work sef)
Evaluation: The teacher assess the student base on the topic been thought to them by asking them questions thus,
(this is where you need to apply the Questioning skills for those who wants to teach using Questioning skills. You can actually apply set induction skill and Questioning skills and closure skills to even teach your topic sef)
What is electronic spreadsheet?
State the advantages of electronic spreadsheet
Mention three problems faced by classiq kizzy in graphic designing
Closure: The teacher will close the lesson by picking out the key facts from the topic
Summary: The teacher will summarize the lesson by going through the topic again. The teacher also encourage the students to practice more at home.
STUDENT’S ACTIVITIES – – – The students listen as the teacher explain the meaning of electronic spreadsheet.
The student watch and observe the teacher drawing Ms. excel environment.
The student listen ask and answer the questions.
SKILL EMPHASISED – – – – – ( FOR THIS TOPIC I WILL BE USING SET INDUCTION SKILL).
SO THIS IS WHERE I COME TO THE END OF THIS LESSON PLAN PROCESS. IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS FEEL FREE TO ASK (BUT IT’S AT YOUR OWN RISK). IF YOU LIKE THE ARTICLE SHARE TO STUDENTS IN UNIZIK FACULTY OF EDUCATION.